The hormones that affect growth in animals are growth hormone, insulin, thyroid hormones, glucocorticoids, prolactin, and gonadal steroids (androgens and estrogens). Start studying 5: Factors Affecting Growth & Development. Both thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism) and thyroid hormone excess (hyperthyroidism) are associated with alterations in bone development and linear growth in children. Pollutants, radiation or trauma have a negative impact on the stature and weight development.. 2. Progesterone is a steroid hormone that works together with estrogen to regulate breast development. Exercises like massage, gymnastics for infant and subsequently other age appropriate exercises have a positive role on the growth and development.. Thyroxine Apart from growth hormone, another important hormone that assists the endocrine system’s role in growth and development is thyroxine. ABSTRACT. The influence of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis components on development, function, regeneration, neuroprotection, cognition, and motor functions has been evaluated in experimental studies and in adults with central nervous system lesions. These effects are independently mediated. The influence of testosterone in development of sexual anatomy in boys during puberty begins with the same signals from LH and FSH – only now they arrive at the testes rather than the ovaries. The liver responds to estrogens and growth hormone (GH) which are critical regulators of body growth, gender-related hepatic functions, and intermediate metabolism. The endocrine system provides an electrochemical connection from the hypothalamus of the brain to the organs that control the body’s metabolism, growth and development, and reproduction. Depending on whether you're a boy or a girl, these hormones go to work on different parts of the body. Introduction The field of endocrinology cannot be defined in a manner entirely acceptable to all biologists or animal scientists.This is understandable as there are many points of view and many voids in our knowledge in this area. Key Takeaways Key Points. The pituitary secretes two other hormones concerned in development: one, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), causes growth of the main portions of the ovary in the female and the sperm-producing cells in the testis of the male; the other, luteinizing hormone (LH), causes growth and secretion of the testosterone-secreting cells of the male and has an action in controlling the menstrual cycle in the … The endocrine system is made up of a number of glands that secrete hormones.. Glands and the hormones they release regulate many processes in the body; from growth, puberty, metabolism and reproduction, hormones play a role in almost everything we do.

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